Chapter 8 ACCIDENTS & FIRST AID
So you think things are safe !!!
If an accident does happen:
It is now required of you to make a risk assessment on your provision
of first aid
Firstly let us consider the accidents/ injuries which are likely to
happen on a golf course/ playing field.
- Choking - whilst eating in Clubhouse
- Simple Cuts & Scratches - greenkeepers/ groundstaff at work
- Blisters on Hands & Feet - visitors following Pro golfers
- Minor Burns & Scalds - in the clubhouse kitchen
- Serious Burns & Scalds - petrol igniting in workshop
- Bites & Stings by Insects - workers upsetting a beehive
- Nosebleed - children playing games
- Puncture Wound - worker standing on nail in yard
- Heat Exhaustion & Heat Stroke - visitors following Pro golfers
- Abdominal Pain & Stomach Cramps - visitors
- Broken teeth & Knocked out tooth - an inexperienced golfer
hitting another on the backswing
- Muscle Cramps - older players
- Bruises, Strains, Sprains - greenkeepers/ visitors/ golfers/ players.
- Broken Bones - falling off stacks
- Heart attack - older golfer during game.
- Head, neck & back injuries
- Severe Bleeding
- Internal Poisoning
- Object in Eye
- Convulsion & Seizures
Now to the key question : Does your organisation have a system which
will cope with all of the above?
They all could happen at your place of work!!!
There are some basic things you should consider :
Is there a first aid kit handy? - I visited a Golf Club recently
which had only one small ( car type ) first aid box in the clubhouse kitchen.
The clubhouse is a distance from the Greenkeepers bothy & workshops and the
equipment and fuel store is around ½ mile away in the middle of the
course - accessible only by greenkeeping equipment!! Totally inadequate!!!!!!
Basically we should have
- a First aid kit in the clubhouse - clearly marked and with
instructions throughout the building on where it is located.
- a First aid kit at the workshop/ bothy
- if there were any other building in which work is carried out, a
first aid kit there too.
- if a chainsaw is used I would expect a first aid kit to be carried at
The contents of the first aid kit can vary according to the needs
of the area - obviously in an office we would expect minor cuts to be the main
problem, so the first aid kit should contain a good assortment of
sticky-plasters. In a kitchen the plasters should be blue coloured to be seen
easily in food!! A chainsaw first aid kit would obviously be expecting large
wounds and have the appropriate dressings.
A basic first aid kit to be used on a Golf Course/ Playing Field could
Face mask, 2 crepe bandages, micropore, 3 medicated dressings, 3 large
dressings, 3 bandage, 4 sterile pads, 4 triangular bandages, assorted plasters,
safety pins, scissors, tweezers, antiseptic wipes, plastic gloves.
Top up supplies should be available.
So, what is a first aider and what is an emergency first aider person?
A FIRST-AIDER is one who holds a current LANTRA, St Johns Ambulance , St Andrews
Ambulance or Red Cross Certificate or equivalent. This person can deal
with the injuries likely to happen in a hazardous area, knows what do do in
an emergency and can give CPR (Cardio-pulmonary ressussitation). This
course lasts 3 days and is end tested by an external examiner. The
certificate must be updated every 3 years with a 2 day course, again end
tested by an external examiner.
A EMERGENCY FIRST-AIDER is a person who can deal with minor
injuruies, knows what to do in an emergency and can
give CPR. This course lasts 1 day and assessed during the course by the
instructor.The certificate must be updated every 3 years.
Which of these you need depends on your circumstances - if the local
ambulance can be on site within 5 minutes, an emergency first aider person is probably all
that is required. If the local ambulance will not reach you for ½ hour,
a trained first aider would be required. If you are using a chainsaw, a trained
first-aider would always be available.
Many golf courses are now having many emergency first aiders trained, so
that a trained person is always available - from opening to closing.
Many Courses now have AED (automatic emergency defibrillator), and if so
all first aiders should be able to use. Statistics have shown that once a
person requires CPR, 23% can be saved using standard CPR and calling 999/
112 immediately, 75% can be saved using an AED and CPR as required and
calling 999/ 112 immediately.
Remember, in many cases the worst thing you can do is move the patient -
send someone to get help and carry out the basic aims of First Aid
- Preserve life
- Prevent the condition getting worse
- Promote recovery if you can
Its quiz time !!!! Here's a few of the things covered in a First
Matching: Match the Heading with the description, each description is
used only once,
||Boils & Pimples
||Choking on food
|The best way to act in any kind of accident
||Cuts & Scratches
|Object in Eye
||Poison Control Centre
- This results from internal bleeding. Can be a sign of internal
injuries to major organs if on the trunk of the body. First aid includes ice
packs to bring down swelling.
- This small insect can cause Lyme Fever. Putting Vaseline or some kind
of grease on the insect to cut of its air supply is the best way to remove the
- First Aid includes sitting the victim down, lower the head &
pinching the nose
- These kinds of injuries can be caused by splinters, fishhooks or
nails. They don't bleed much but deep ones may cause a disease called lockjaw,
therefore it is important that people protect themselves by keeping their
tetanus shot current. These kinds of wounds should be washed & bleeding
should be encouraged for a few minutes to clean out the wound
- Is a loss of body heat and is a life threatening situation. Proper
nutrition, raising the victim's temperature, and removing cold wet clothes, and
placing the victim in a warm environment is the First Aid
- Convulsions can be experienced by a person with this condition. There
are several types of these seizures. The most important thing to do when
someone is undergoing a seizure is to remove objects in area which could cause
- Caused by a near total loss of body fluids. Marked by lots of
perspiration, victim is nauseous & his/ her body is pale & clammy.
First aid includes liquids, rest in cool surroundings, and placing his/ her
head lower than his/ her feet
- Remain calm, keep the victim lying down, take control of the
situation and be professional, alert, and understanding of the victim
- Can be caused by acne or other skin conditions. First Aid does not
include popping or squeezing the skin but washing the area & using a skin
- Caused by a malfunction of the heat-control centres in the body,
perhaps by being in a hot or humid room. Associated with high temperatures,
red, hot and dry face & full bounding pulse. First aid includes sponging
the victim down to reduce body temperature and calling doctor.
- The best thing to do is start by cleaning with soap & water and
put a band-aid on the wound.
- A good place to call when you are not sure what to do when someone
has taken something internally that makes them ill.
- Can happen along with heat exhaustion. First aid includes applying
gentle firm pressure to affected muscles, warm wet towels and gentle massage,
also keep the affected area higher than the rest of the body also the victim
may attempt to "walk out" the condition. A good way to avoid this ailment is to
"warm up" before exercise or strenuous work.
- Victim may not even be aware of the condition, body will feel numb
and look white or sort of grey, becoming blue in severe cases. First Aid
includes raising the body temperature and placing in warm bath (40º C to
104º C ) water & giving a warm drink.
- Can start out as a "little ache or pain" from overeating or not
eating enough but can also be a sign of more serious problems. If over the
counter remedies don't work it is best to get the victim to a doctor.
- Caused by an obstructed airway. The universal sign is someone holding
their neck who can not breath, cough, or speak. The Heimlich Manoeuvre of
repeated abdominal thrusts, above the naval but well below the rib cage, should
be given until the object is dislodged. Mouth sweeps are used to remove the
object from the mouth.
- Giant hogweed and nettles are two plants that can cause this
condition. Soap & Water are a good start in treatment along with Calamine
Lotion. If blisters to appear they should not be popped.
- Some people are allergic to these bites. With any sting or bite the
stinger should be removed, the area washed, a sting kill remedy used to relieve
pain, and the victim should be monitored to see if a reaction develops.
- First aid does not include rubbing the area but washing with water,
allowing the eye to tear, and removing the object with a clean tissue. If an
object is penetrating in the eye then BOTH eyes should be bandaged to prevent
further injury, the person should be taken to the hospital at once.
- Can form on the heals of feet when people go around golf course with
wet shoes, no socks, or the same dirty wet pair of socks. Prevention is the
best method, but if this condition forms the blister can be popped with a
sterilised needle and allowed to drain.